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Herb Reference ~ English to Latin Name

Herb Reference ~ Latin to English Name

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Herbal Medicine

English and Latin Names

Although herbs are recognized by their common names, it is essential to know the botanical or latin name of an herb for accurate plant identification. It is possible for the same common name to be used for two different plants (as is the case for Knitbone, a common name used for both Eupatorium perfoliatum and Symphytum officinalis).

The latin name of the plant provides an international language for plant identification and remains consistent throughout the world and despite different languages; thus knowing the latin name of the plant provides the ability to accurately communicate about a particular plant and easily research herbal medicine by the Latin name regardless of what country one is in.

Often herbal references are presented as two lists, one to translate from Latin into English and another to translate from English into Latin, see below for the Latin to English Names and view the previous page for the English common plant names and their Latin equivalent, for many common plant medicines.

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Latin Name

 

English Name

Achillea millefolium » Yarrow herb

Acorus calamus

»

Sweet flag root

Actaea racemosa » Black cohosh root

Aesculus hippocastanum

»

Horse chestnut

Agrimonia eupatoria

»

Agrimony herb

Agropyron repens

»

Couch grass, triticum, Couch stolon, twitch

Alchemilla vulgaris

»

Ladies mantle herb

Alchemilla arvensis

»

Parsley piert herb

Allium sativa

»

Garlic cloves

Althaea officinalis herba

»

Marsh mallow flowering herb

Althaea officinalis radix

»

Marsh mallow root

Amni visnaga » Khella seed
Amomun sublatum » Cardamon seed
Andrographis paniculata » King of Bitters, chiretta herb

Anenome pulsatilla

»

Pasque flower herb

Angelica archangelica

»

Angelica root

Angelica sinesis

»

Chinese angelica root, Dong gui

Apium graveolens

»

Celery seed

Arctium lappa

»

Burdock root

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

»

Bearberry leaf, Uva Ursi

Armoracia rusticana

»

Horseradish root

Artemisia absinthium

»

Wormwood herb

Artemisia annua

»

Sweet Annie, Qing hao

Artesmisia vulgaris

»

Mugwort leaf

Asclepias tuberosa

»

Pleurisy root

Astragalus membranaceous

»

Milkvetch root, Huang Qi

Avena sativa herba

»

Whole green oats, herb & seed

Avena sativa semen

»

Oat seeds

Ballota nigra

»

Black horehound herb

Baptisia tinctoria

»

Wild indigo root

Barosma betulina

»

Buchu leaf

Berberis aquilfolium

»

Oregon grape root, Mahonia

Berberis vulgaris

»

Barberry bark

Betula pendula

»

Silver birch leaves

Borago officinalis

»

Borage flowering herb

Boswellia carterri » Frankincense resin

Bryonia diocia

»

Bryony herb

Bupleurum chinense

»

Thorowax root

Calendula officinalis flos

»

Marigold flowers

Capsella bursa-pastoris

»

Shepherd's purse herb

Capsicum minimum

»

Cayenne fruits

Carduus marianus

»

Milkthistle seed, silybum

Carica papaya » Papaya leaf

Cassia angustifolia

»

Senna pod

Caulophyllum thalictroides

»

Blue cohosh root

Ceanothus americanus

»

Red root, New Jersey Tea

Centarium erythraea

»

Centaury herb

Centella asiatica

»

Gotu Kola herb

Cetraria islandica

»

Iceland moss lichen

Chamaelirium luteum

»

False unicorn root

Chamomilla recutita flos

»

German chamomile flowers

Chelidonium majus

»

Greater celandine herb

Chionanthus virginicus

»

Fringe tree rootbark

Chondrus crispus

»

Irish moss seaweed

Cimicifuga racemosa

»

Black cohosh root

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

»

Cinnamon bark squills

Citrus aurantium

»

Bitter Orange

Citrus limonum

»

Lemon

Codonopsis pilosula » Codonopsis

Cola nitida

»

Kola nuts

Commiphora mol mol

»

Myrrh resin

Convallaria majalis

»

Lilly of the valley leaf

Coptis chinensis » Coptis, Huang lian
Coriandrum sativum » Coriander seed

Crataegus oxyacantha flos

»

Hawthorn flowering tops

Crataegus oxyacantha fructus

»

Hawthorn berry

Curcuma longa

»

Turmeric root

Cynara scolymus

»

Globe artichoke leaves

Datura stramonium

»

Thorn apple leaf

Daucus carota

»

Wild carrot flowering herb

Dioscorea villosa

»

Wild yam root

Echinacea angustifolia

»

Coneflower root

Echinacea purpurea

»

Purple coneflower whole plant

Echinacea purpurea rad

»

Purple coneflower root

Eleutherococcus senticosus

»

Siberian ginseng root

Ephedra sinica

»

Ephedra stems

Equisetum arvense

»

Horsetail herb

Eschscholtzia californica

»

Californian poppy

Eupatorium canabinum

»

Hemp agrimony

Eupatorium perfoliatum » Boneset, Feverwort herb

Eupatorium purpureum

»

Gravelroot

Euphrasia officinalis

»

Eyebright herb

Fagopyron esculentum

»

Buckwheat herb

Filipendula ulmaira

»

Meadowsweet flowering herb

Foeniculum vulgare

»

Fennel seeds tops

Fucus vesiculosus

»

Bladderwrack seaweed

Fumaria officinalis

»

Fumitory herb

Ganoderma lucidum » Reishi mushroom

Galega officinalis

»

Goat's rue herb

Gallium aparine

»

Cleavers herb

Gelsemium sempervirens

»

Yellow jasmine root

Gentiana lutea

»

Gentian root

Geranium maculatum » American Cranesbill root

Geum urbanum

»

Avens herb

Ginkgo bilboba

»

Ginkgo, Maidenhair tree leaf

Glechoma hederacea

»

Ground ivy, herb, Nepeta

Glycyrrhiza glabra

»

Liquorice root

Grindelia caporum (robusta)

»

Gumplant herb

Guaiacum officinale

»

Lignum vitae wood

Hamamelis virginiana cortex

»

Witch hazel bark

Harpagophytum procumbens

»

Devil's claw root

Hibiscus salbdariffa » Hibiscus flower

Humulus lupulus

»

Hops strobiles

Hydrastis canadensis

»

Goldenseal root

Hydrocotyle asiatica

»

Gotu kola herb

Hypericum perforatum

»

St John's wort flowering herb

Hyssopus officinalis

»

Hyssop flowering herb

Inula helenium

»

Elecampane root

Iris versicolor

»

Blue flag root

Juglans nigra

»

Black walnut hulls

Juniperus communis » Juniper berries

Lactuca virosa

»

Wild lettuce herb

Lamium album

»

White Dead Nettle Flowering Herb

Latin Name

 

English Name

 

Lavandula angustifolia

»

Lavender herb

Leonurus cardiaca

»

Motherwort flowering herb

Lepidium meyenii » Maca root
Ligusticum porteri » Osha root

Linum usitatissium

»

Linseed

Lobelia inflata

»

Lobelia herb

Lycium barbarum » Barbary wolfberry

Lycopus virginicus

»

Bugleweed herb

Marrubium vulgare

»

White horehound leaf

Medicago sativa

»

Alfalfa, Lucerne herb

Melilotus officinalis

»

Melilot herb

Melissa officinalis

»

Lemon balm leaf

Mentha piperata

»

Peppermint leaf

Mentha viridis » Spearmint leaf

Menyanthes trifoliata

»

Bogbean leaf

Mitchella repens

»

Squaw vine herb

Myrica cerifera » Bayberry herb
Nepeta cataria » Catnip, catmint herb

Olea europea

»

Olive leaf

Oregano officinalis » Oregano herb

Paeonia lactiflora

»

White Peony root

Panax ginseng

»

Chinese ginseng root

Parietaria diffusa

»

Pellitory of the Wall herb

Passiflora incarnata

»

Passion flower herb

Petroselinum crispum rad

»

Parsley root

Peumus boldo » Boldo herb

Phytolacca decandra

»

Poke root

Picrasma excelsa

»

Quassia bark

Piper methysticum

»

Kava kava root

Piscidia erythrina

»

Jamaican dogwood bark

Plantago lanceolata

»

Ribwort leaf, Lanceleaf plantain

Plantago major » Broadleaf plantain leaf
Polygonum multiflorum » He shou wu, fleeceflower
Populus candicans » Balm of gilead buds
Populus tremuloides » White popular bark
Poria cocos » Poria, hoelen

Potentilla erecta

»

Tormentil root

Primula veris

»

Cowslip flowering herb

Prunella vulgaris » Self-heal herb

Prunus serotina

»

Wild Cherry bark

Psyllium (Plantago psyllium)

»

Black psyllium husk, seed

Quercus alba

»

Oak bark, white

Rehmania glutinosa

»

Rehmania root

Rhamnus purshiana

»

Cascara bark

Rheum palmatum

»

Turkey rhubarb root

Rhodiola rosea » Rhodiola, russian rhodiola, golden root, hong jing tian

Rosa canina fructus

»

Wild dogrose hips

Rosa damascena » Damascene rose petals

Rosa gallica flos

»

English rose petals

Rosmarinus officinalis

»

Rosemay leaf

Rubus idaeus

»

Raspberry leaf

Rumex crispus » Yellow dock root
Ruscus aculeatus » Butcher's broom root

Ruta graveloens

»

Rue leaf

Salix alba

»

White willow bark

Salvia officinalis

»

Sage flowering herb

Sambucus nigra flos

»

Elderflower

Sambucus nigra fructus

»

Elderberries

Sarothamnus scoparius

»

Broom flowering tops

Sassafras albidum » Sassafras bark

Schisandra chinesis

»

Schisandra berries, Wu wei zi

Scrophularia nodosa

»

Figwort herb

Scutellaria lateriflora

»

Skullcap herb

Serenoa serulata

»

Saw palmetto berries

Smilax ornata

»

Sarsparilla root

Solidago canadenis

»

Golden rod flowering herb

Solidago virgaurea

»

Golden rod flowering herb

Stachys betonica

»

Wood betony herb

Stellaria media

»

Chickweed herb

Symphytum officinale folia

»

Comfrey leaf

Symphytum officinale radix

»

Comfrey root

Tabebuia impetiginosa

»

Pau d'arco bark

Tanacetum parthenium

»

Feverfew flowering herb

Tanacetum vulgaris

»

Tansy flowering herb

Taraxacum officinalis folia

»

Dandelion leaf

Taraxacum officinalis radix

»

Dandelion root

Thuja occidentalis

»

Tree of life buds

Thymus vulgaris

»

Thyme herb

Tribulus terrestris » Puncture vine fruit

Tilia europea

»

Linden, Lime flowers

Trifolium praetense

»

Red Clover Flowers

Trigonella foenum-graecum

»

Fenugreek seed

Trillium erectum

»

Bethroot

Turnera diffusa

»

Damiana leaf

Tussilago farfara

»

Coltsfoot leaf

Uncaria tomentosa » Cat's claw bark and fruit

Ulmus fulva

»

Slippery elm bark

Urtica dioica herba

»

Nettle herb

Urtica dioica radix

»

Nettle root

Vaccinium myrtillis fol

»

Bilberry leaf

Vaccinium myrtillis fructus

»

Bilberries

Valeriana officinalis

»

Valerian root

Verbascum thapsus flos

»

Mullein herb and flowers

Verbascum thapsus herba

»

Mullein whole flowering herb

Verbena officinalis

»

Vervain flowering herb

Viburnum opulus

»

Crampbark

Viburnum prunifolium

»

Blackhaw bark

Vinca major » Greater periwinkle herb

Vinca minor

»

Periwinkle herb

Viola odorata

»

Sweet violet leaves

Viola tricolor

»

Heartsease flowering herb

Viscum album

»

Mistletoe flowering herb

Vitex agnus - castus

»

Chasteberry, Agnus castus, chaste tree berry

Withania somnifera

»

Ashwaganda root

Zanthoxylum species cortex

»

Prickly ash bark

Zanthoxylum species fructus

»

Prickly ash berry

Zea mays

»

Cornsilk

Zingiber officinalis

»

Ginger root

 

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© 2004 Katolen Yardley, MNIMH, Medical Herbalist
Coquitlam Clinic: 208-3041 Anson Avenue, Coquitlam, BC V3B 2H6 • tel.: 604.944.6606
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