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Herb Reference ~ English to Latin Name

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Herbal Medicine

English and Latin Names

Although herbs are recognised by their common names, it is essential to know the botanical or latin name of an herb for accurate plant identification. It is possible for the same common plant name to be used for two entirely different plants (as is the case for Knitbone, a common name used for both Eupatorium perfoliatum and Symphytum officinalis).

The latin name of the plant provides an international language for plant identification and remains consistent throughout the world and despite different languages; thus knowing the latin name of the plant provides the ability to accurately communicate about a particular plant and easily research herbal medicine by the Latin name regardless of what country one is in.

Often herbal references are presented as two lists, one to translate from Latin into English and another to translate from English into Latin, see below for the English to Latin Names and view the next page for the Latin to English Names of many common plant medicines.

English Name

 

Latin Name

Agrimony herb

»

Agrimonia eupatoria

Alfalfa, Lucerne herb

»

Medicago sativa

American cranesbill root » Geranium maculatum

Angelica root

»

Angelica archangelica

Ashwaganda root

»

Withania somnifera

Astragalus root » Astragalus membranaceous

Avens herb

»

Geum urbanum

Balm of gilead buds » Populus candicans
Barbary wolfberry fruit » Lycium barbarum

Barberry bark

»

Berberis vulgaris

Bearberry leaf

»

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Bethroot rhizome

»

Trillium erectum

Bilberries

»

Vaccinium myrtillis fructus

Bilberry leaf

»

Vaccinium myrtillis fol

Black cohosh root

»

Cimicifuga racemosa

Black horehound herb

»

Ballota nigra

Black psyllium husks, seed

»

Psyllium (Plantago psyllium)

Black walnut hulls

»

Juglans nigra

Blackhaw bark

»

Viburnum prunifolium

Bladderwrack

»

Fucus vesiculosus

Blue cohosh root

»

Caulophyllum thalictroides

Blue flag root

»

Iris versiuolor

Bogbean leaf

»

Menyanthes trifoliata

Boldo herb » Peumus boldo
Boneset herb » Eupatorium perfoliatum

Borage flowering herb

»

Borago officinalis

Broom flowering tops

»

Sarothamnus scoparius

Bryony herb

»

Bryonia diocia

Buchu leaf

»

Barosma betulina

Buckwheat herb

»

Fagopyron esculentum

Bugleweed, Gipsywort herb

»

Lycopus europaeus

Burdock root

»

Arctium lappa

Butcher's broom root » Ruscus aculeatus

Californian poppy

»

Eschscholtzia californica

Cardamon seed » Amomun sublatum
Cascara bark » Rhamnus purshiana
Catnip, catmint herb » Nepeta cataria
Cat's claw fruit » Uncaria tomentosa

Cayenne fruits

»

Capsicum minimum

Celery seed

»

Apium graveolens

Centaury, Feverwort herb

»

Centarium erythraea

Chaga fungus » Inonutus obliquus
Chamomile flowers » Chamomilla recutita

Chasteberries

»

Vitex agnus - castus

Chickweed herb

»

Stellaria media

Chinese (red) sage root

»

Salvia miltiorrhiza radix

Chinese angelica root, Dong gui

»

Angelica sinesis

Chinese ginseng root

»

Panax ginseng

Cinnamon bark squills

»

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Cleavers herb

»

Gallium aparine

Codonopsis root » Codonopsis pilosula

Coltsfoot leaf

»

Tussilago farfara

Comfrey leaf

»

Symphytum officinale folia

Comfrey root

»

Symphytum officinale radix

English Name

 

Latin Name

Coneflower root

»

Echinacea angustifolia

Coriander seed » Coriandrum sativum

Cornsilk

»

Zea mays

Couchgrass rhizome » Agropyron repens

Cowslip flowering herb

»

Primula veris

Crampbark

»

Viburnum opulus

Damiana leaf

»

Turnera diffusa

Dandelion leaf

»

Taraxacum officinalis folia

Dandelion root

»

Taraxacum officinalis radix

Devil's Claw Root

»

Harpagophytum procumbens

Elderberries

»

Sambucus nigra fructus

Elderflower

»

Sambucus nigra flos

Elecampane root

»

Inula helenium

English rose petals

»

Rosa gallica flos

Ephedra stems

»

Ephedra sinica

Eyebright herb

»

Euphrasia officinalis

False unicorn root

»

Chamaelirium luteum

Fennel seeds tops

»

Foeniculum vulgare

Fenugreek seed

»

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Feverfew flowering herb

»

Tanacetum parthenium

Figwort herb

»

Scrophularia nodosa

Fumitory herb

»

Fumaria officinalis

Garlic cloves

»

Allium sativa

Gentian root

»

Gentiana lutea

German chamomile flowers

»

Chamomilla recutita flos

Ginger root

»

Zingiber officinalis

Globe artichoke leaves

»

Cynara scolymus

Goat's rue herb

»

Galega officinalis

Golden rod flowering herb

»

Solidago canadenis

Golden rod flowering herb

»

Solidago virgaurea

Goldenseal root

»

Hydrastis canadensis

Gotu kola herb

»

Hydrocotyle asiatica

Gravelroot

»

Eupatorium purpureum

Greater celandine herb

»

Chelidonium majus

Green walnut hulls

»

Juglans regia

Ground ivy, herb, Nepeta

»

Glechoma hederacea

Gumplant herb

»

Grindelia caporum (robusta)

Hawthorn berry

»

Crataegus oxyacantha fructus

Hawthorn flowering tops

»

Crataegus oxyacantha flos

Heartsease flowering herb

»

Viola tricolor

Hemp agrimony

»

Eupatorium canabinum

He shou wu root » Polygonum multiflorum
Hibiscus flower » Hibiscus salbdariffa

Hops strobiles

»

Humulus lupulus

Horse chestnut

»

Aesculus hippocastanum

Horseradish root

»

Armoracia rusticana

Horsetail herb

»

Equisetum arvense

Hyssop flowering herb

»

Hyssopus officinalis

Iceland moss lichen

»

Cetraria islandica

Irish moss seaweed

»

Chondrus crispus

Jamaican dogwood bark

»

Piscidia erythrina

Juniper berries » Juniperus communis

Kola nuts

»

Cola nitida

Ladies mantle herb

»

Alchemilla vulgaris

Lavender herb

»

Lavandula angustifolia

Lemon balm herb

»

Melissa officinalis

Licorice root » Glycyrrhiza glabra

Lignum vitae wood

»

Guaiacum officinale

Lilly of the valley leaf

»

Convallaria majalis

Linden, Lime flowers

»

Tilia europea

Linseed

»

Linum usitatissium

Liquorice root

»

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Lobelia herb

»

Lobelia inflata

Long pepper seeds

»

Piper longum

Maca root » Lepidium meyenii

Maidenhair tree leaf

»

Ginkgo bilboba

Marigold flowers

»

Calendula officinalis flos

Marsh mallow flowering herb

»

Althaea officinalis herba

Marsh mallow root

»

Althaea officinalis radix

Meadowsweet flowering herb

»

Filipendula ulmaira

Melilot herb

»

Melilotus officinalis

Milkthistle seed, silybum

»

Carduus marianus

Milkvetch root, Huang Qi

»

Astragalus membranaceous

Mistletoe flowering herb

»

Viscum album

Motherwort flowering herb

»

Leonurus cardiaca

Mugwort leaf

»

Artesmisia vulgaris

Mullein her flowers

»

Verbascum thapsus flos

Mullein whole flowering herb

»

Verbascum thapsus herba

Myrrh resin

»

Commiphora mol mol

Nettle herb

»

Urtica dioica herba

Nettle root

»

Urtica dioica radix

Oak bark

»

Quercus robusta

Oat seeds

»

Avena sativa sem

Olive leaf

»

Olea europea

Oregon grape root, Mahonia

»

Berberis aquilfolium

Osha root » Ligusticum porteri
Papaya leaf » Carica papaya

Parsley piert herb

»

Alchemilla arvensis

Parsley root

»

Petroselinum crispum rad

Pasque flower herb

»

Anenome pulsatilla

Passion flower herb

»

Passiflora incarnata

Pau d'arco bark

»

Tabebuia impetiginosa

Pellitory of the Wall herb

»

Parietaria diffusa

Peony root

»

Paeonia lactiflora

Peppermint leaf

»

Mentha piperata

Periwinkle herb

»

Vinca minor

Plantain leaf » Plantago lanceolata

Poke root

»

Phytolacca decandra

Prickly ash bark

»

Zanthoxylum species cortex

Prickly ash berry

»

Zanthoxylum species fructus

Puncture vine fruit » Tribulus terrestris

Purple coneflower root

»

Echinacea purpurea rad

Purple coneflower whole plant

»

Echinacea purpurea

Quassia bark

»

Picrasma excelsa

Raspberry leaf

»

Rubus idaeus

Red Clover flowers

»

Trifolium praetense

Red root » Ceanthus americanus
Red rose petals » Rosa centifolia

Rehmania root

»

Rehmania glutinosa

Reishi mushroom » Ganoderma lucidum
Rhodiola root » Rhodiola rosea

Ribwort leaf plantain

»

Plantago lanceolata

Rosemay leaf

»

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rue leaf » Ruta graveolens

Sage flowering herb

»

Salvia officinalis

Sarsparilla root

»

Smilax ornata

Sassafras bark » Sassafras albidum

Saw palmetto berries

»

Serenoa seruiata

Schisandra berries, Wu wei zi

»

Schisandra chinesis

Self-heal herb » Prunella vulgaris

Senna pod

»

Cassia angustifolia

Shepherd's purse herb

»

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Siberian ginseng root

»

Eleutherococcus senticosus

Silver birch leaves

»

Betula pendula

Skullcap herb

»

Scutellaria lateriflora

Slippery elm bark

»

Ulmus fulva

Spearmint herb » Mentha viridis

Squaw vine herb

»

Mitchella repens

Stevia leaf » Stevia rebaudiana

St John's wort flowering herb

»

Hypericum perforatum

Sweet Annie, Qing hao

»

Artemisia annua

Sweet flag root

»

Acorus calamus

Sweet violet leaves

»

Viola odorata

Tansy flowering herb

»

Tanacetum vulgaris

Thorn apple leaf BHPP 83

»

Datura stramonium (500ml)

Thorowax root

»

Bupleurum chinense

Thyme herb

»

Thymus vulgaris

Tormentil root

»

Potentilla erecta

Tree of life buds

»

Thuja occidentalis

Triticum, Couch stolon, Twitch

»

Agropyron repens

Turkey rhubarb root

»

Rheum palmatum

Turmeric root

»

Curcuma longa

Uva ursi leaf » Arctostaphylos uva ursi

Valerian root

»

Valeriana officinalis

Vervain flowering herb

»

Verbena Officinalis

White dead nettle flowering herb

»

Lamium album

White horehound leaf

»

Marrubium vulgare

White oak bark » Quercus alba
White popular bark » Populus tremuloides

White willow bark

»

Salix alba

Whole green oats, herb & seed

»

Avena sativa herba

Wild carrot flowering herb

»

Daucus carota

Wild Cherry bark

»

Prunus serotina

Wild dogrose hips

»

Rosa canina fructus

Wild indigo root

»

Baptisia tinctoria

Wild lettuce herb

»

Lactuca virosa

Wild yam root

»

Dioscorea villosa

Witch hazel bark

»

Hamamelis virginiana cortex

Wood betony herb

»

Stachys betonica

Wormwood herb

»

Artemisia absinthium

Yarrow leaf, flower

»

Achillea millefolium

Yellow dock root

»

Rumex crispus

Yellow jasmine root

»

Gelsemium sempervirens

 

 

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© 2009 Katolen Yardley, MNIMH, Medical Herbalist
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